Evolution Branch of the Seine near Giverny, Claude Monet Berge in der franz sischen Provence (1878-1880), Olive Trees Paul C zanne, Vincent Van Gogh Un dimanche apr s-midi l’Ile de la Grande Jatte, Georges Seurat’s painting precursors modern movement had begun in the nineteenth century, which are represented by Impressionism Claude Monet, post-impressionism, with authors such as Vincent Van Gogh and Paul C zanne and Neo-Impressionism, which is within the pointillism of Georges Seurat. Then begin starting from 1900, new paintings by painters and precursors, also derived from modern painting movements, and that will lead to the first contemporary paintings. The historical avant-garde that emerged in the early years of the twentieth century Fauvism, Cubism and Futurism. Henri Matisse Fauvism begins with the first controversial pictorial, with the use of color in their pictures placed so ambiguous.Pablo Ruiz Picasso and Cubism figures distort reality, creating flat shapes with them and not volumes, and as manipulated before being painted. Use collage, using elements and materials mostly extra scraps of paper (newspaper) glued together with the painting created. Derived from Cubism and other movements of Am d e purism Orphism Ozenfant and Delaunay and Kupka. In the interwar period came first, expressionism, as is prevalent in the Nordic countries, Germany and Austria. Up to three generations of expressionist painting developed a representative and committed to the reality. Within a movement of the second generation expressionist Der Blaue Reiter are Vasily Kandinsky and Paul Klee, that led to the abstraction. In fact, Vasily Kandinsky, abstract painting, representing the inner self and thought, and it was only possible through non-figurative forms.Another trend within the neo abstraction is represented by Piet Mondrian, who created a new form of non-figurative abstract painting, using elements and geometric figures. The Russian Revolution also had an immediate artistic expression in movements such as Suprematism and Constructivism, before settling socialist realism. In the interwar period there is a line of paint that give more rein to fantasy, the irrational, dreamlike. There were precursors, such as Henri Rousseau and Marc Chagall. Within this trend may be mentioned metaphysical painting of Giorgio de Chirico. Marcel Duchamp, given art represent real objects of everyday life as purely artistic forms. Surrealism, a trend that pervades the arts in the 1920s, also has its pictorial expression, differentiating between the abstract and surrealist Joan Mir and Ren Magritte as figurative.After the Second World War, the center of the pictorial world moves from Paris to New York, which thereafter becomes the center of the visual arts. There arose the power of Abstract Expressionism, Jackson Pollock who took their main representative. He cultivated a new style of abstract painting, focusing on action painting. Is part of informality trends mater that is also cultivated in Europe as Tachisme or informality. Other painters are part neoconcrete and technological trends, as Team 57 or the new abstraction represented by Frank Stella and Barnett Newman. From this result movement like the Op-art (optical art) or kinetic art. Since the sixties shows a return to figurative, and it talks about trends neorrepresentativas (or neoic nicas).Among them we can distinguish the “art brut” Dubuffet, Francis Bacon or pop art, which led to a prominent figure in Andy Warhol pop art is in mass cultures, going into a more commercial and chart. Other lines are creative social realism or hyper-realism. It speaks for the whole period of the second half of the twentieth century, the “collapse of painting”, where each movement is subdivided into two or more styles, emerging technique successively combined and derived from the previous corresponding to contemporary painting that is more advanced and complicated every day, and where the controversy in the painting is a major feature in many of the current painting movements. The current painting becomes a kind of mixture or collapsed chaotic consequences of previous paintings known as the pictorial phenomenon isms.The artistic behaviors plastics have been diversified to include happenings, arte povera made out of scrap materials, land art or environmental art, conceptual art, body art, digital art, net.art, and so on. Currently (2007) the contemporary paintings are being auctioned for large sums of millions of dollars (MDD), and the most prestigious art galleries .