One of the most identifying elements of the Granada Highlands and the region of Baza is, without doubt, the amazing and traditional local housing par excellence: the cave House. Excavated from centuries ago, taking advantage of the soft nature of the broken terrain, they have survived at the time maintaining its peculiar physiognomy but adapted to modern requirements and needs. Used for decades by the humble people and farmers sectors as a temporary home while they collected harvests, they have become now coveted object of splendid rehabilitation projects for use as accommodation or catering. Neighborhoods with Andalusian flavour the first beautiful oval shapes of the cave houses dating back to medieval times, preserving the oldest in the Hafas from Benamaurel, Almohad homes dating back to the s. XII. Inhabited since the Al-Andalus period, these troglodytes buildings comprise some of the most beautiful and ancient areas of area neighborhoods: the Arab quarter of the Alhanda of Benamaurel, the neighbourhood of the caves of Baza; the neighborhoods of San Sebastian, San Marcos and San Juan de Caniles; the neighbourhood of the well of Freila or Abatel in Zujar. Charming rural houses restored in its major part, good for private use or as a hotel establishment, one of its key features tranquility offered.
Its domed structure and its limestone walls protect them from outside noises, as well as having excellent natural ventilation through the doors and Windows bleached lime, giving friendly lightness and neatness. Inside, the temperature is kept constant throughout the year, around 20 C. nestled in a privileged natural environment, Earth houses, increasingly most demanded by the lovers of the interior tourism, guarantee in addition to the rest, the delight of the environment and proximity to points of tourist interest in their cultural heritage and their living habits.